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Category: <span>Medical Information</span>

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Injury to the Brain

Basically, a concussion would be the equivalent of a mild TBI. Concussions can be rated on a scale from one to three according to their severity. A concussion can be blunt trauma to one area or a more diffuse whole brain type of injury.

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Toxic Exposures

There are nearly 1000 substances which have been identified as having, or possibly having, neurotoxic effects. Exposure to sufficient amounts of these chemicals, either in the work place or elsewhere, can cause neurological and brain problems.

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Electrical and Lightning Injury

High Voltage electric shock or lightning stroke can cause damage to the central nervous system, motor neurons, or peripheral nerves. Lesions can involve the brain or the spinal chord. If a lesion involves the spinal chord, myelomalacia can result without any change in the blood vessels, inflammation or gliosis.

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The Anatomy of the Brain

The easiest way to understand brain anatomy is to view it as it developed. The earliest animals needed a simple brain - a brain stem - to control things like breathing, blood pressure, temperature regulation, consciousness, eye movements, facial sensation...

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Brain Injury in Children

Unfortunately, head injuries are very common with children, accounting for approximately one hundred thousand hospitalizations annually. Modes of injury include motor vehicle accidents, bicycle accidents, falls, sporting injuries, and child abuse.

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Symptoms of Brain Injury

Any brain function can be disrupted by brain trauma: excessive sleepiness, inattention, difficulty concentrating, impaired memory, faulty judgment, depression, irritability, emotional outbursts, disturbed sleep, diminished libido, difficulty switching between two tasks, and slowed thinking.

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Epidural and Subdural Hematoma

An epidural hematoma (EDH) is found in approximately 3% of patients suffering from TBI. Nine percent of those in a coma have EDH. EDH is a collection of blood which occurs below the skull but above the thick leathery cover of the brain itself known as the Dura.

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Cranial Nerve Injury

The cranial nerves are nerves that run from the base of the brain into different parts of the head. They can commonly be involved in traumatic injury which also includes injury to the brain itself. Unlike injuries to nerves and other parts of the body...

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Pituitary Injury

The pituitary, working in conjunction with the hypothalamus, is commonly called the "master gland" because it is so important to our hormonal balance and survival. A pituitary is a piece of tissue similar to the uvular in the back of one's throat- it hangs down...

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Frontal Lobe Brain Injury

Our frontal lobes are the part of the brain that has evolved tremendously as we separated ourselves from the animal kingdom. The large lobes are located basically in our foreheads back to the mid-temple area. The frontal lobes provide the integration of all other brain functions into a seamless whole.